India’s economy is always on the move. Imagine trucks packed with fresh produce, factory floors dispatching goods, or containers filled with textiles crisscrossing the country. All of this is happening much faster and at a lower cost. That’s the promise of the Bharatmala Project, one of India’s most ambitious infrastructure endeavours.


This massive undertaking creates a network of superhighways, expressways, and strategically placed connectors designed to change how we ship, trade, and grow as a nation. With thousands of kilometers of new and improved roads, Bharatmala aims to cut travel times, slash logistics expenses, and connect even remote corners to the major engines of our economy.


This project has the potential to transform our farms, factories, and, ultimately, our daily lives. Keep reading to learn more about the Bharatmala Project.


What is Bharatmala?


Indian roads are like a vast network where goods are constantly moving. The Bharatmala Project, a bold initiative with an estimated cost of Rs 10.63 lakh crore (US$1.3 trillion), aims to boost this network significantly. The name translates to a “garland of highways,” reflecting the grand scale of this ambition. It seeks to re-imagine India’s road infrastructure for easier, faster movement of goods and people.


This massive project is the second-largest highway development endeavour in the country’s history, surpassing even the National Highways Development Project (NHDP) that modernised our roads decades ago.


Focused on freight transportation, Bharatmala stands as a crucial pillar within the framework of the National Logistics Policy 2022. This policy aims to optimise logistical efficiency and drive economic growth. Phase 1 includes a staggering 34,800 km of highways (with 10,000 km from the NHDP) and targets a massive reduction in logistics costs from the current 18% to just 6%. Firstly, the development of 9,000 km of economic corridors will act like supercharged trade routes, connecting manufacturing hubs, ports, and agricultural zones across the nation.


Secondly, the project includes 2,000 km of border and international connectivity roads to improve trade and strategic mobility. Above all, Bharatmala seeks to revolutionise logistics efficiency. Making it faster and cheaper to move goods across India has the potential to unlock economic growth and boost our competitiveness on the global stage.



Bharatmala’s Road Map


Project Phases


Massive projects like Bharatmala don’t happen overnight. They are carefully planned with a phased approach, making the whole undertaking more manageable and targeted.


Phase 1 is the current focus, with a targeted new and upgraded highway length of 34,800 km. That’s the equivalent of driving around the Earth’s equator almost once.


This phased approach allows work to start on the most urgent or impactful routes first, delivering benefits even as other sections are under construction. It also gives the project flexibility to adapt to changes and prioritise new corridors as economic needs evolve.


While the later phases are yet to be fully detailed, the massive scope of Phase 1 gives us an idea of the project’s ambition. Its focus is on:


  • Constructing 9,000 km of economic corridors to supercharge key trade routes.
  • Improving connectivity within the country and border regions.
  • Building new expressways for rapid travel across long distances.


Project Components


The Bharatmala project is a giant construction kit aimed at revamping India’s transportation landscape. Here are the major pieces of that kit, each serving a specific purpose:


Economic Corridors: These are super-highways of trade, directly connecting major production centers, ports, and markets. It will streamline the movement of everything from farm products to manufactured goods.


Inter-corridors and Feeder Routes: These are the vital links. They connect smaller towns, industrial zones, and agricultural hubs to the main economic corridors, spreading the benefits across the country.


National Corridor Efficiency Improvement: This focuses on upgrading existing roads for better capacity and speed. The goal is to reduce congestion and bottlenecks on important routes.


Border and International Connectivity Roads: Strategically important for both trade and security, these roads improve connectivity along India’s borders and with neighboring countries.


Coastal and Port Connectivity Roads: These roads provide better access to India’s long coastline, linking ports to the main highway network for faster and more efficient shipping.


Expressways: These are the dedicated, high-speed corridors designed for long-distance travel, allowing vehicles to move rapidly between major cities.



Revolutionising Indian Logistics


Current Challenges


  • Delivery times in India can be frustratingly slow compared to other major economies. This makes it harder to get fresh produce to the market quickly or guarantee reliable supply chains for industries.


  • Logistics costs in India are significantly higher than in developed nations. This eats away at business profits and makes our exports less competitive on the global market.


  • Smaller towns, rural industries, and remote areas sometimes struggle to benefit from India’s economic growth due to poor connectivity.


Bharatmala’s Impact


Bharatmala isn’t just laying down new roads. It’s also setting off a chain reaction of positive change. Here’s how it aims to tackle the challenges we discussed:


Speeding Things Up:  Bharatmala’s upgraded highways, expressways, and streamlined routes promise significant reductions in travel time. Imagine trucks carrying goods across major corridors reaching their destinations days faster than before.


Cutting Costs: The project targets a massive reduction in logistics costs, from the current 18% down to a much more competitive 6%. This translates to real savings for businesses, making Indian products less expensive for consumers at home and more appealing abroad.


Connecting the Dots: Better connectivity with smaller towns, agricultural zones, and industrial clusters means these areas can finally participate fully in the national growth story.


Bharatmala’s impact extends beyond impressive states and smoother roads. It affects various sectors. In agriculture, faster transport of perishable produce means less wastage, better prices for farmers, and fresher food for consumers. Reliable, lower-cost logistics make Indian manufacturing industries more efficient and able to compete globally. Smaller towns and businesses get better access to national markets, boosting online trade and economic growth.


The Road Ahead


The Bharatmala Project is already in motion. Highways are being built, connections forged, and the first benefits of this massive endeavour are starting to appear. But the best, in a way, is still yet to come.


As Bharatmala progresses, expect a cascading effect of positive change across industries dependent on robust supply chain management. With faster and more reliable logistics, businesses will thrive, new opportunities will arise, and goods will reach both national and international markets more efficiently and cost-effectively.


Bharatmala is more than just about roads; it’s about weaving a stronger, more integrated, and ultimately more prosperous India. The journey may be long, but the destination is definitely worth striving for.




The Bharatmala Project reflects India’s ambition to leapfrog into the future. It’s a testament to our determination to build world-class infrastructure that powers our economic growth and improves the lives of our citizens.


Alongside infrastructure development, the project’s success will also depend on the adoption of modern multimodal logistics parks and the hub and spoke model for efficient distribution and streamlining heavyweight shipping. The PM Gati Shakti Yojana also plays a key role in aligning various infrastructure projects and ensuring better coordination for optimal outcomes.


While challenges may arise, the potential for transformation is undeniable. The Bharatmala Project promises a new era for Indian businesses, with improved logistics creating ripple effects across sectors.


For maximum benefit, businesses need to optimise their own shipping and logistics operations. That’s where platforms like NimbusPost come into play. With carrier integrations, automation tools, and data-driven insights, NimbusPost can help businesses streamline shipping processes, save costs, and ensure customer delight. Together, these initiatives can help businesses scale and thrive in the evolving Indian e-commerce landscape, powered by smoother, cost-effective logistics enabled by the Bharatmala Project and the Setu Bharatam program.





What is the current status of Bharatmala?


The Bharatmala project is progressing but has experienced delays. Approximately 76% of the project length has been awarded; of that, about 45% has been completed. The high costs of land acquisition and increased input costs have contributed to challenges, leading to an extended deadline of 2027-28.


What is the difference between the Sagarmala and Bharatmala projects?


The Bharatmala project aims to improve road connectivity across India. The Sagarmala project is a government program to develop and modernise ports along the coast.


Who launched the Bharatmala project?


The Indian government launched the Bharatmala Pariyojana project under the leadership of Nitin Gadkari, the Minister for Road Transport and Highways. This ambitious project aims to significantly improve India’s road infrastructure by constructing a vast network of highways and optimising transportation efficiency across the country.


What is the deadline for Bharatmala Pariyojana?


While Phase 1 of the Bharatmala Pariyojana had an initial deadline of December 2022, the project has been extended. There’s now a revised deadline of 2027-28 due to cost increases and delays. It’s important to note that the Bharatmala Pariyojana is a large, ongoing project, and deadlines might be adjusted for later phases.


Who funded the Bharatmala Pariyojana?


The Central Government of India primarily funds the Bharatmala Pariyojana. Resources are mobilised through a combination of fuel cess (a tax levied on petrol and diesel), direct market borrowing by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), and budgetary allocations made by the Indian government.


Who is the biggest road contractor in India?


Larsen & Toubro (L&T) is widely considered the largest and is known for its extensive portfolio of road, bridge, and expressway projects. Other significant contractors include Dilip Buildcon, IRB Infrastructure Developers, and HG Infra Engineering Ltd. These companies are crucial to India’s infrastructure development.


What is the Bharatmala Phase 2 project?


The Bharatmala Phase 2 project is a major infrastructure initiative in India focused on improving connectivity. It involves constructing 5,000 km of new roads, including expressways, decongestion projects to ease traffic, and multi-modal logistics parks to enhance the efficiency of goods transportation.

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